The medical schools in different countries award different types of professional bachelor degrees. These include – Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS, BMBS, MBCh, MBChB). Many schools also provide post-graduation degrees, Master of Medicine (MM, MMed) too. Additionally they too offer degrees such as master’s degree (M.Sc), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) etc.
Medical schools can also carry out medical research and operate teaching hospitals.
The criteria’s for getting enrolled in a med school varies depending on the countries. Each nation has got their entrance examinations that are highly competitive and standardized. To further narrow the selection criteria, of candidate, few of them also look into the leadership qualities, to an extent.
In 1823, a medical college called the Ecole de Medicine de Pondicherry was established by the French government in #Pondicherry.
Later, in 1956 it was taken over by the Government of India and rechristened as Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. pic.twitter.com/1rtp2NdRpb
— Dr. Zareen Fatima (@DrZareenFatima) June 24, 2020
In many countries including India, the study of medicine does not require undergraduate coursework. However, in countries like USA and Canada among many others, the medical degrees are secondary entry degrees, and require several years of previous study at the university level.
After completion of the degree programme, which typically lasts for five or more years (for undergraduates) and four years (for the post graduates), the students are awarded with a medical degree.
Many modern medical schools integrate clinical education with basic sciences from the beginning of the curriculum, unlike the traditional curriculum that usually divides the course into preclinical and clinical. During the pre-clinical, students study the subjects such as biochemistry, gevetics, pharmacology, pathology, anatomy, physiology, microbiology among many others. Subsequent clinical rotations include internal medicine, general surgery, paediatrics, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynaecology.
Medical schools are regulated by each country and they appear in the world directory of medical schools which was formed by the merger of the AVICENNA directory for medicine. A physician, with a medical degree, is not authorized to practice medicine until licensed by the local government authority.